Butler accuses Foucault of romanticism, claiming that his proclamation of a blissful identity "prior" to cultural inscription contradicts his work in The History of Sexuality, in which he posits that the idea of a "real" or "true" or "originary" sexual identity is an illusion, in other words that "sex" is not the solution to the repressive system of power but part of that system itself. For Butler, "heterosexual melancholy is culturally instituted as the price of stable gender identities" (70) and for heterosexuality to remain stable, it demands the notion of homosexuality, which remains prohibited but necessarily within the bounds of culture. For de Beauvoir, women constitute a lack against which men establish their identity; for Irigaray, this dialectic belongs to a "signifying economy" that excludes the representation of women altogether because it employs phallocentric language. Article information : Article Information. McIntosh, M. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Gender may be the most important dimension of human variation, whether that is either desirable, or inevitable. Butler argues the notion of "maternity" as the long-lost haven for females is a social construction, and invokes Michel Foucault's arguments in The History of Sexuality (1976) to posit that the notion that maternity precedes or defines women is itself a product of discourse. Undoing Gender constitutes Judith Butler's recent reflections on gender and sexuality, focusing on new kinship, psychoanalysis and the incest taboo, transgender, intersex, diagnostic categories, social violence, and the tasks of social transformation. Subject Trouble: Judith Butler and Dialectics. You Save: £7.62 (36%) FREE delivery: Saturday, April 3 Details. The notion of "sex" is always coded as female, according to Wittig, a way to designate the non-male through an absence. https://doi.org/10.1057/fr.1991.33. Originally published: New York : Routledge, 1990. Sexed bodies cannot signify without gender, and the apparent existence of sex prior to discourse and cultural imposition is only an effect of the functioning of gender. In other words, Butler's claim is that "the body is itself a consequence of taboos that render that body discrete by virtue of its stable boundaries" (133). By getting a leading humanities journal to publish an article with considerable gibberish and lots of humanities jargon, Sokal and his supporters said he illustrated flaws in cultural studies, particularly related to analyzing issues involving science. One of the most talked-about scholarly works of the past fifty years, Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble is as celebrated as it is controversial. Ori J. Herstein - 2010 - Buffalo Journal of Gender, Law and Social Policy 18:43-73. Wittig argues that even the naming of the body parts creates a fiction and constructs the features themselves, fragmenting what was really once "whole". MacFarquhar, Larissa, "Putting the Camp Back into Campus,", "No problem: a Canadian writer protested against the abolition of gender studies at Parliament", "On a Friday for seven hours, a Canadian writer in Parliament was reading one of the most well-known books of gender studies", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gender_Trouble&oldid=1019980813, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 April 2021, at 14:16. Language: English. She challenges assumptions about the distinction often made between sex and gender, according to which sex is biological while gender is culturally constructed. No part of this book m ay be reprinted or reproduced or utilized in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording or in See all articles by this author. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity by Judith Butler 4.08 avg rating — 12,243 ratings — published 1989 — 70 editions Butler instead places Barbin's early days not in a "happy limbo" but along a larger trajectory, always part of a larger network of social control. Mary McIntosh. [2], Gender Trouble was reviewed by Shane Phelan in Women & Politics. [email protected]��>C�џ�~�;j9?��z}��B���^� w�}��+�K���^���0saB��~K�Mx��^� {�Ơ�~�|�9WԳc�1t�f�G?���[!�e:�,���Y�`�ǽ����K0���W�,�_�q\o�7�p�� l���$=?E��nx�n�=�=���{��U�(4�i���������k�}��"< kP�8+����� I.Title. Gender trouble : feminism and the su bversion of identity / Judith Butler. Both assume that there exists a female "self-identical being" in need of representation, and their arguments hide the impossibility of "being" a gender at all. Butler attempts to construct a feminism (via the politics of jurido-discursive power) from which the gendered pronoun has been removed or not presumed to be a reasonable category. :~�"!�3�!��C��A�v�Q1ڪ>�����������!c�7�;�8�]t =C�Ѫ��ԂN�: x��X{pT�?��es���7/�T�&tWp� N\7��I��u��u��Ѻ�Ҧ�����[email protected]ܕ�8U���VG��td"�i��)�S�i�)����y�}@���ɞ�|�;���=�l! ����$� About this Item: Taylor & Francis Ltd, United Kingdom, 2006. Butler offers parody (for example, the practice of drag) as a way to destabilize and make apparent the invisible assumptions about gender identity and the inhabitability of such "ontological locales" (146) as gender. Some trans people thought that in claiming that gender is performative that I was saying that it is all a fiction, and that a person’s felt sense of gender … Butler criticizes one of the central assumptions of feminist theory: that there exists an identity and a subject that requires representation in politics and language. With Lévi-Strauss, she suggests that incest is "a pervasive cultural fantasy" and that the presence of the taboo generates these desires; with Riviere, she states that mimicry and masquerade form the "essence" of gender; with Freud, she asserts that "gender identification is a kind of melancholia in which the sex of the prohibited object is internalized as a prohibition" (63) and therefore that "same-sexed gender identification" depends on an unresolved (but simultaneously forgotten) homosexual cathexis (with the father, not the mother, of the Oedipal myth). Women, thus reduced to "sex", cannot escape carrying sex as a burden. It asked how we define “the category of women” and, as a consequence, who it is that feminism purports to fight for. 3. Condition: New. o1ߧw�S�J:�w�޵ߝp�w�p�нϽv��w��n�+�]��ۋ�����5���ot6�/�{�{#���'���-�/#��d���˛���0E�C�H���*Ol! For Butler, "women" and "woman" are categories complicated by factors such as class, ethnicity, and sexuality. Includes bibliographical references and index. In Gender Trouble, Butler argues that the cultural meanings that attach to a sexed body-what we call gender-are theoretically applicable to either sex. Since its publication in 1990, Gender Trouble has become one of the key works of contemporary feminist theory, and an essential work for anyone interested in the study of gender, queer theory, or the politics of sexuality in culture. Butler criticizes Kristeva, claiming that her insistence on a "maternal" that precedes culture and on poetry as a return to the maternal body is essentialist: "Kristeva conceptualizes this maternal instinct as having an ontological status prior to the paternal law, but she fails to consider the way in which that very law might well be the cause of the very desire it is said to repress" (90). �|-�VІ^'&q�P�|iT�\��ebq�Zq���q����:Z�?�\���Z�I�W���C��G��s�+��Ҋ��pbh|�Z:�jk��c֟�o�. Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender. By redeploying those practices of identity and exposing as always failed the attempts to "become" one's gender, she believes that a positive, transformative politics can emerge. She suggests finally that Foucault's surprising deviation from his ideas on repression in the introduction might be a sort of "confessional moment", or vindication of Foucault's own homosexuality of which he rarely spoke and on which he permitted himself only once to be interviewed. endobj Title: Gender trouble. Butler thus eschews identity politics in favor of a new, coalitional feminism that critiques the basis of identity and gender. The work is influential in feminism, women's studies, and lesbian and gay studies, and has also enjoyed widespread popularity outside of traditional academic circles. All page numbers are from the first edition: Judith Butler, Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York, Routledge, 1990). She calls for people to trouble the categories of gender through performance. In her Text ”Subjects of Sex/Gender/Desire”, (published in Gender Trouble: Feminism and the subversion of Identity, New York: Routledge, 1990, 6-16) Judith Butler expands the feminist distinction of sex and gender. Butler revisits three of the most popular: the anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss's anthropological structuralism, in which the incest taboo necessitates a kinship structure governed by the exchange of women; Joan Riviere's psychoanalytic description of "womanliness as a masquerade" that hides masculine identification and therefore also conceals a desire for another woman; and Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic explanation of mourning and melancholia, in which loss prompts the ego to incorporate attributes of the lost loved one, in which cathexis becomes identification. << @ � ��mt16�e�A� �S��ѝl-+�~VƢl9���p=��uc���p According to Elliott, the core idea expounded in Gender Trouble, that "gender is a kind of improvised performance, a form of theatricality that constitutes a sense of identity", came to be seen as "foundational to the project of queer theory and the advancing of dissident sexual practices during the 1990s. Download citation. Fem Rev 38, 113–114 (1991). For this reason, accounts of the original transformation of sex into gender by means of the incest taboo have proven particularly useful to feminists. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (Routledge Classics): Amazon.co.uk: Butler, Judith: 9780415389556: Books. �P�������%ț�!���`]� 870 0 obj<>stream Preface (1999) Ten years ago I completed the manuscript of Gender Trouble and sent it to Routledge for publication. LinkedIn’s latest insights published in the Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report make for difficult reading. Trouble, like repetition, is something we must determine how best to be "in," how best to enact. Butler's ideas about gender came to be seen as foundational to queer theory and the advancing of dissident sexual practices during the 1990s. If the appearance of “being” a gender is thus an effect of culturally influenced acts, then there exists no solid, universal gender: constituted through the practice of performance, the gender "woman" (like the gender "man") remains contingent and open to interpretation and "resignification". �p��[email protected]�HB�/�[Yr΋������j�$b"�촬J>t�s�9]ͳ;W�M��[7��"*��eЫ�%� However, Butler shows us that the indeterminacy of sex/gender, indeed the fictive nature of identity itself, constitutes terrain that we need to and can learn to negotiate. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity Show all authors. Butler argues that this false distinction introduces a split into the supposedly unified subject of feminism. Night uses the vagaries of erotic attraction to disrupt paradigms of sexuality. Sex role. Building on the thinking of the anthropologist Mary Douglas, outlined in her Purity and Danger (1966), Butler claims that the boundaries of the body have been drawn to instate certain taboos about limits and possibilities of exchange. (129). Moreover, the universality presumed by these terms parallels the assumed universality of the patriarchy, and erases the particularity of oppression in distinct times and places. In this way, Butler provides an opening for subversive action. Gender Trouble was first published by Routledge in 1990. Butler argues instead that gender is performative: no identity exists behind the acts that supposedly "express" gender, and these acts constitute, rather than express, the illusion of the stable gender identity. RRP: £20.99. Gender Trouble was originally published in the Routledge book series Thinking Gender, edited by Linda J. Nicholson. [3] The work has enjoyed widespread popularity outside of traditional academic circles, even inspiring a fanzine, Judy! For Butler, "women" and "woman" are categories complicated by factors such as class, ethnicity, and sexuality. Femininity. One of the most talked-about scholarly works of the past fifty years, Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble is as celebrated as it is controversial.. %���� Moreover, the universality presumed by these terms parallels the assumed universality of the patriarchy, and erases the particularity of oppression in distinct times and places. Mary McIntosh. ... Judith Butler began lecturing regularly on the topic of gender identity, and in 1990, she published Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity, introducing the concept of gender performativity and arguing that both sex and gender … FREE UK Delivery on book orders dispatched by Amazon over £10.00 . �� £13.37. Feminist theory. Butler proposes the practice of drag as a way to destabilize the exteriority/interiority binary, finally to poke fun at the notion that there is an "original" gender, and to demonstrate playfully to the audience, through an exaggeration, that all gender is in fact scripted, rehearsed, and performed. Butler has written several articles and books, but Gender Trouble is by far her most well-known work. Brand new Book. JB: Gender Trouble was written about 24 years ago, and at that time I did not think well enough about trans issues. 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